All About Dark Matter: What is This Mysterious Substance?

    Scientists use the term dark matter” to describe something they have evidence for but cant see hence the dark.” They think its dispersed throughout the universe. Dont look now, but its around you, too.

    Dark matter isnt evenly spread. Its bunched up in some regions and drawn out in others. Its job is simple: holding the universe together .

    This cosmological adhesive is likely an entirely new type of matter that isnt close to being understood. Continue reading All About Dark Matter: What is This Mysterious Substance?

Salaries of Medical Professionals

The field of medicine is a very noble profession and is also rewarding both financially and emotionally. Today, the demand for medical professionals has increased greatly due to the changes in lifestyle and the increased population of the world. Though medical professional salaries depend upon many factors, they are still very high compared to other fields.

Pharmacy technicians typically support and assist a licensed pharmacist in a hospital or other medical facility. The main job of pharmacy technicians is to interact with patients, make the prescribed medicines available and perform other administrative tasks. Continue reading Salaries of Medical Professionals

Naming Aromatic Compounds Using Ortho, Meta, Para

Naming aromatic compounds is a topic you will likely come across somewhere in the middle of your organic chemistry course. This may come up during the topic of aromaticity and conjugation, or perhaps during EAS – Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution. In this article I will give you a quick overview of the ortho, meta, and para naming system to help you recognize these compounds and apply them to your reactions

Since benzene is a conjugated 6-member ring, it is much easier to use a designation system for identifying the relationship of substituents on a molecule compared to the standard numbering.

If you have just 2 substituents on your aromatic ring you can use the prefixes ortho, meta, or para to identify the relationship of the 2 groups around the ring

Ortho substituents are located just 1 carbon away from the primary functional group. Continue reading Naming Aromatic Compounds Using Ortho, Meta, Para

Corrosion Threat of De-Icing Salts and Road Salts

Corrosion Threat of De-Icing Salts and Road Salts

For regions that experience snow, ice and freezing rains during the winter months, de-icing salts are a common method of keeping roads safe. However, numerous studies throughout the years have shown road salts to be hazardous to the environment. The chemical make-up of salts used for de-icing purposes can include sodium chloride, calcium chloride, potassium chloride and magnesium chloride. Continue reading Corrosion Threat of De-Icing Salts and Road Salts

Newman Projection Energy Diagrams in Organic Chemistry

The Newman Projection is an important skill for every organic chemistry student. Not only does it provide you with another perspective of organic compounds, but it also gives you a means to analyze the conformational energy of a molecule. In this article I will give you a quick introduction to the energy diagram of a Newman Projection.

Unlike a sawhorse projection in which a molecule is read left to right or right to left, in a Newman Projection the molecule is angled so that you wind up looking right down the bond between 2 carbon atoms. Continue reading Newman Projection Energy Diagrams in Organic Chemistry