How Phylogeny is Represented in Phylogenetic Trees

    What is Phylogenetics?

    Phylogenetics is the study of various groups of organisms that are related due to evolutionary processes. Phylogenetics assumes that each species is a group of a lineage connected set of individuals. In this branch of study, evolution is regarded as a branching kind of process where populations of organisms are changed over time and then may separate into other branches, come together or become extinct. Continue reading How Phylogeny is Represented in Phylogenetic Trees

Is Scientific and Academic Publishing All Facts or Can a Peer Review Be Fiction?

Is Scientific and Academic Publishing All Facts or Can a Peer Review Be Fiction?

I’m personally a self-published author. Some published authors might look down on me for that but mine wasn’t a ‘vanity’ publishing and I’ve sold enough copies of one novel for it to be a ‘bestseller’. An author might want to self-publish for any one of several reasons but for academic publishing and scientific research publishing, there are more hoops to jump through.

One big difference between my publishing my own fiction novel and publishing an academic work is that I don’t need a group of my fellow authors to give my story a nice thumbs up. Continue reading Is Scientific and Academic Publishing All Facts or Can a Peer Review Be Fiction?

Learn About Best Small Amphibious Planes

    What is an Amphibious Plane?

    Amphibious planes are commonly called seaplanes which could either land or take-off from both sea or lake and land. They are typically used for rescue missions, utility or reconnaissance during war times and now are being used by sportsmen, explorers, commercial and private companies or individuals.

    Small amphibious planes are typically about one to three-seater planes with a single engine and fly for a short period of time as compared with bigger airplanes. Continue reading Learn About Best Small Amphibious Planes

Matching the Grade of Sapphire to the Application

Matching the Grade of Sapphire to the Application

The physical, chemical and optical properties of sapphire make it one of the most versatile materials from which various types of windows can be fabricated. Some applications, such as precision optical components, however, demand the highest level of quality while others such as mechanical applications permit use of less perfect material.

In order to optimize the cost/performance ratio of the window being fabricated, it is necessary to match the grade of sapphire to the application. Continue reading Matching the Grade of Sapphire to the Application

Dry Bath Incubators for Clinical Applications

The dry bath incubators available today are used in various clinical applications such as coagulation studies, enzyme reactions, inactivation of Sera, restriction digests, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), coagulation studies, DNA Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), and much more. They come with advanced thermoelectric features that provide regulated dry heat for a variety of laboratory applications.

Uses of Dry Bath Lab Incubators

It facilitate the incubation of liquids at higher temperatures. Continue reading Dry Bath Incubators for Clinical Applications

Three Most Common Reasons of Shoulder Joint Pain

Three Most Common Reasons of Shoulder Joint Pain

      Shoulder joint is the most flexible joint in our entire body! It is also one of the more complex joints, since it is build up of not two but three bones:

    Humerus upper arm boneScapula shoulder blade, andClavicle collarbone

This complexity is really a double edged sword – on one hand it is responsible for the incredible flexibility of this joint, on the other hand it is making it unstable. Continue reading Three Most Common Reasons of Shoulder Joint Pain

Human Evolution – The Origins of the Homo Sapiens

Human Evolution - The Origins of the Homo Sapiens

Human beings all belong to one classification of species, Homo sapiens. Modern Human DNA can be tracked as far back as 160,000 years ago, originating in Africa. Homo sapiens belong to the Hominidae family of primates, with Humans being the only extant species of the genus Homo.

In comparison to earlier species of the Homo genus, Homo sapiens have various characteristics that define them. Continue reading Human Evolution – The Origins of the Homo Sapiens