What Types of Microscopes Are There?


There are various types of microscopes that are majorly used in the light or beam microscopy. These among other popular types include, but not limited to the following: handheld or pocket microscopes, digital, stereo, and compound microscopes. Among the alongside mentioned types, it is important to know that there are those that are used for both personal hobby as well as class work. On the other hand, there are also those that can be used for biological purposes.

Other than the light microscopes, it is equally imperative to mention about the electron microscopy, whose developments are always very exciting especially when it gets to scanning the objects and/or images.

Below is the description of some of the most common microscope types:

Compound light

This is one type of microscope with two eye pieces (binocular). It has the ability to combine lenses power as well as light in order that the subject under examination or view is well enlarged. Nevertheless, this kind allows for the magnification to occur between 10X and 15X. This type microscope can further magnify an object to the limit of 1000X.

This kind of microscope is extensively used by the botanists in the study of plant cells; it is also used during the biology lessons to view micro organisms and other objects that tend to be so minute that cannot be seen with the naked eyes.

Stereo microscope

This type is also known as a dissecting microscope. It is known to be having two paths, which are of course optical and slightly placed at different angles. This is intended at allowing the any image under view to appear in three dimensions. Their magnification power is very low – ranging between 10X to 200X.

This kind of microscope is used in the microsurgery, construction and inspection of circuit boards, watch making and observing surfaces.

Digital microscope

This 21st century microscope uses the computer’s power to view objects which cannot be viewed with the naked eyes. One main advantage of using this one is the fact that it has the ability to email any image to the next level. In addition to this, a viewer can watch the objects comfortably even if they are on motion.

USB Computer Microscopes

This type of computer is used to view any object; micro and macro alike. Besides this, USB Computer microscopes are very essential in the sense that they do not require any specimen preparation, but rather are used for examination any time. These are only, but to mention a few.